Types of Classified Documents – Master Baker
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Types of Classified Documents

Protected information is not classified. It refers to any sensitive information that is not related to national security and cannot be disclosed under access and data protection laws due to the potential violation of certain public or private interests. [21] [22] Examples of high-level classified information can currently be found in National Security Council (NSC) regulations on requests for classified information FOIA. These examples include “armed hostilities against the United States or its allies,” “disruptions in foreign relations that significantly affect national security,” “the compromise of major national defense plans or complex cryptologic intelligence and communications systems,” “the disclosure of sensitive intelligence operations,” and “the disclosure of scientific or technological developments that may affect security.” national United States”. are crucial.” 7 These examples in the NSC regulations are the same as in EO 11652 and can also be found in the DoD Information Security Program Regulation.8 A 1964 DoD instruction provided more detailed examples of information that might require top secret classification. Some of these examples include: It is also useful that scientific discoveries can be classified through the D-Notice system if they are expected to have applications relevant to national security. These may appear later as technology improves, so that, for example, the specialized processors and routing engines used in graphics cards are loosely based on top-secret military chips designed for decoding and image processing. You can have built-in protections to generate errors when certain tasks are attempted, and this is invariably independent of the card`s operating system. Under a system introduced by presidential decree in 2009, the president, vice president and heads of agencies may designate other executive officials as initial classification authorities.

These officers may classify government information if they determine that disclosure would be injurious to national security. There are three levels of classification, depending on the severity of the anticipated damage to national security: confidential, secret and top secret. In the “secret” and “top secret” categories, certain information derived from intelligence analysis sources, methods or processes may be classified as sensitive information. According to the corresponding regulations in Turkey, there are four levels of classification of documents:[33] çok gizli (top secret), gizli (secret), hizmete özel (confidential) and özel (restricted). The fifth “inscription” is tasnif dışı, meaning unclassified. The United States also has a system of restrictive reservations that can be added to a document: these are constantly changing, but may include (in abbreviated form) the requirement that the document cannot be shared with a civilian contractor or leave a certain room. These limitations are not classifications per se; Rather, they restrict the dissemination of information among those who have the appropriate level of dissemination and who may need to know the information. Remarks such as “EYES ONLY” and “DO NOT COPY”[52] also limit the restriction. Anyone who breaches these guidelines could be guilty of violating a legal order or mishandling classified information. The U.S. government insists it is “not appropriate” for a court to question the legal secrecy of a document. [35] In Daniel Ellsberg`s 1973 trial for the publication of the Pentagon Papers, the judge did not allow Ellsberg to testify, saying it was “irrelevant” because the assigned classification could not be challenged.

The charges against Ellsberg were eventually dropped after it was learned that the government had broken the law by secretly breaking into Ellsberg`s psychiatrist`s office and tapping his phone without a warrant. Ellsberg insists that the legal situation in the United States today is worse than it was in 1973 and that Edward Snowden could not get a fair trial. [36] The Official Secrets Act, 2008 could have given judges the power to consider these matters in camera, but the legislation was not passed. [35] Former government officials and contractors are known to keep documents containing classified national security information and possibly give them to private archives. Archivists often do not realize that a collection contains classified information until it has been formally processed. If an archive or library has not received federal approval to preserve classified material, continued retention of records in an unauthorized area could threaten national security. In these cases, the institution must contact the Information Security Oversight Office (OISO) of the National Archives to ensure that these records are kept secure. ISOO will temporarily retain records during the declassification process. and top secret information for different types of NSIs There are three basic tests you can use to determine if a document contains classified information: In fact, terms refer to methods of handling certain types of classified information that relate to specific topics or national security programs (the existence of which may not be publicly acknowledged) or whose sensitive nature requires special treatment. Requires. And therefore, those who access it need special permission to access it.

Over time, a lot of classified information can become a little less sensitive or much less sensitive and can be shared and published. Since the late twentieth century, some countries have had a freedom of information law that assumes that the public has a right to any information that is not considered harmful when published. Sometimes, documents containing information still classified as confidential are disguised (blacked out), as in the example opposite. The order states that the authorities are responsible for limiting subordinates` access to classified information to the classified information they need for their work and for ensuring that subordinates have ongoing needs. Contrary to popular belief, allowing Yankees Whites to allow staff working directly with the president is not a classification. People with Yankee White permissions are subject to extensive background investigations. The criteria include: Citizenship, undeniable loyalty and absolute absence of any foreign influence on the individual, his family or “persons with whom the individual is closely related”. [39] [40] In addition, they must not have travelled to countries considered hostile to the United States (except while working in government and under the direction of the United States).

[ref. needed] Yankee White employees have access to all the information they need, regardless of which organization ranked them or at what level. [ref. needed] A famous example of a secret document or group of documents is the Pentagon Papers, whose unauthorized publication in the early 70s by Daniel Ellsberg, an analyst for the Secretary of Defense, upset the American political climate. Can an agency derive information from a document that was prepared/classified by another authority prior to the effective date of E.O. 13526 and is not marked as part as required by E.O. 13526? As with classification, declassification is a two-step process. First, an authorized officer must determine that the information no longer needs to be protected. Second, this finding must be communicated for the safeguard measures to be lifted. Therefore, if a decision has been made not to disclose information, it should be marked as declassified. Where the declassification concerns a whole category of information, the Agency`s classification guide shall be updated accordingly.

If more stringent, the decision may be recorded in a declassification guide – although the consultation process that accompanies a declassification decision is often sufficient to alert the necessary personnel. In this way, all the information generated in the bucket is classified according to the general rules mentioned above.

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