The Institut médico-juridique (IML) de Paris is a morgue located at 2nd place de Maza, on the Quai de la Rapée, in the 12th arrondissement of Paris. The Institute of Forensic Medicine (or IML) is a health service that is used in certain cases: the police or judicial authorities decide on the transport of the deceased to the medico-legal institution. Once there, the body is placed in a cold room to allow its conservation and, if necessary, to carry out an autopsy. The Institut médico-juridique de Paris and the Institut de recherche criminelle de la gendarmerie nationale (IRCGN) are attached to the Ministry of the Interior. Be careful, however, each institute has its own rules, so it is advisable to read them before taking a step. The Institute of Forensic Medicine welcomes deceased persons according to certain defined criteria. Four cases are common: death on the public street, death of criminal or suspicious origin, for identification or public hygiene measure. At the request of the Public Prosecutor`s Office, the IML conducts autopsies on these bodies, which are examined by a forensic doctor. In this case, they may leave the Institute only after the burial permit has not been issued by the investigating judge. If a death occurs, the deceased may be taken to a funeral home, the deceased`s home or a forensic institute. Why is a forensic institute chosen and how is a funeral organized? It should also be noted that each forensic institute has its own rules of procedure. It is best to contact the MLI directly to find out their procedures, or ask the funeral home who can guide you.
Here are, for example, the regulations of the Institut médico-juridique de Paris. Yes, the body of the deceased can still be donated to science even after a visit to the forensic institute. He was then taken to medical school where he wanted to be transferred. The current installation of the Quai de La Rapée, which became a forensic institute to replace the old morgue, was built as close as possible to the Quai de la Rapée viaduct on a plot of 2,000 m2 belonging to the city of Paris. It was inaugurated in 1923, ten years after the opening of the shipyard, delayed by the First World War. It is a brick building designed by the architect Albert Tournaire, whose name is later given to the nearby square.   The Institute of Forensic Medicine or ILM refers to the health service responsible for identifying and autopsying bodies discovered on public roads. In the capital, the Institute of Legal Medicine is the Criminal Research Institute of the National Gendarmerie (IRCGN).
He works under the direction of the Ministry of the Interior. It has more than 45 structures. 30 of them have the task of studying bodies (thanatology). According to the Paris police headquarters, the IML receives on average more than 2,900 bodies per year. More than 1,500 autopsies and more than 900 external examinations are performed at a rate of 6 to 9 autopsies per day. The Institute of Forensic Medicine enables all religious communities to perform the various rites of their faith. Funeral toilets can be made by religious, provided they have obtained permission from the police headquarters. The cost of pickling the beer, if it is produced within the Institute, and the fee for depositing the body are charged by the family. When the deceased arrives at the forensic institute, a complete inventory is made. In 1868, Haussmann built a morgue on the quai de l`Archevêché, at the head of the Ile de la Cité (now Square de l`Ile-de-France). The building had the appearance of a Greek temple.
This morgue was very famous in the capital. Indeed, the suffocated dead are exposed for 3 days on inclined black marble tables. They are separated from the public by a window. In 1907, a law was passed prohibiting entry into the morgue without special permission. This decree was issued by Prefect Lépine. Most often, the body of the deceased is received in a morgue, funeral home or at his home, but in some very specific cases it may be necessary to send it to the Institute of Forensic Medicine, IML, to perform an autopsy in case of violent death, accident or suspicion of suicide for example. Just like funeral services, the morgue can perform both the morgue and the casket. In the event that the death occurs in strange and suspicious circumstances, an investigation is opened, which then requires an autopsy and other examinations that can shed light on the circumstances of the death. The autopsy will be performed by an experienced coroner and will investigate the cause of death and the link between him and a possible crime or accident. Once the autopsy is done, the coroner submits the report to the judge in charge of the case.
If the family wishes to consult them and get to know them, they must apply directly to the magistrate, who alone is authorized to hand them over. During the autopsy, the forensic pathologist conducts an internal and external examination of the body to determine the circumstances of death. For identification, it may take samples for analysis and further examination by the forensic force.